Organizational development (OD) is a process for making changes within an organization's systems to help it perform more effectively. It is a science-based mechanism that assists business management in developing its capacity for transformation and increasing business performance. The five stages of organizational development provide a framework through which global management consultants can successfully execute short- and long-term planning. The 5 phases of the organizational development process are: Entry, Storm and Childhood, Normalization, Peak, and Reevaluation.
Each stage has its own characteristics and objectives that must be met in order for the organization to progress. The Entry stage is the first interaction between the consultant and the client to assess the situation and identify the problem. This phase usually lasts between three and five years, although there is no specific deadline established in a specific way. The Storm and Childhood phase is the initial period of an organization's development cycle.
It is a time of turbulence and excitement, but also chaos and unpredictability. During this stage, an organization is based on firmly established policies and procedures. The Normalization period is also known as the normal stage or adolescence. At this stage, competition among people associated with the organization begins to increase, at least to a certain extent.
The Peak period is also called the execution phase or maturity phase. This is the stage at which an organization usually proves to be most productive. A new cadre of leaders within an organization may begin to emerge during this time. The last phase of organizational development is a Reevaluation or Renewal.
This stage involves reevaluating the organization's goals and objectives in order to ensure that they are still relevant and achievable. Organizational development interventions are programs and processes designed to solve a specific problem. They are often classified into three types: training, strategic management, and implementation. Training is the point at which people who have a vision for managing the business organization lead the idea of an organization and its activities.
Strategic management involves designing, refining, and improving policies, systems, and processes. Implementation is a complex and lengthy task that requires understanding the various stages of organizational development in order to make it more effective and efficient. Organizational development interventions are essential for successful organizations that practice continuous evolution in order to achieve better productivity. By understanding the five stages that normally occur within an organization's growth cycle, people involved in an entity have a better idea of how to perform their designated functions. Organizational development is a powerful tool for businesses looking to improve their performance and reach their goals. By understanding each of the five stages of organizational development, businesses can create effective strategies for success.